Public safety was a major concern during the 1890's and early 1900's. Fires in town were quite common and could result from the rail car cinders igniting the dead trees in the area or from simple human error. The fire hazards were so commonplace that Sainte-Anne's Church and Evans Lumber were burnt to the ground on three separate occasions. The water supply at the local well, located at the Athletic Field, was so inadequate that it was highly unlikely that a building could be saved should it catch fire. In order to deal with the community's high fire risk, the Board of Trade established a fire brigade.
Due to the lack of an effective sewer system, Sudbury experienced annual flooding, resulting in epidemics of small pox, malaria, diphtheria and many other fatal diseases. To overcome this problem, the Board of Trade actively lobbied for a better sewer system and an improved water supply for Sudbury residents.